How to Check if Your Python Script is Running as Root?

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To check if your Python script is running as the root user (i.e., with administrative privileges), you can use the os module in Python. The os.geteuid() function can be used to retrieve the effective user ID (UID) of the current process. By comparing this UID with the root UID, you can determine if the script is running as root.

Here’s an example code snippet that demonstrates how to check if a Python script is running as root:

import os

def check_root_privileges():
    if os.geteuid() == 0:
        print("Script is running as root.")
    else:
        print("Script is not running as root.")

# Example usage
check_root_privileges()

In this example, the check_root_privileges function retrieves the effective user ID of the current process using os.geteuid(). It then compares the UID with the root UID, which is typically 0. If the UIDs match, it indicates that the script is running as root.

If the script is running as root, the message “Script is running as root” is printed. Otherwise, the message “Script is not running as root” is printed.

Note that this check may not work on all operating systems or in certain environments where the concept of a root user may be different.

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