To compile a Python script into an executable (EXE) file, you can use third-party tools that convert Python code to a standalone executable format. One popular tool for this purpose is PyInstaller. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use PyInstaller to compile Python code into an EXE file:
- Install PyInstaller: Open a terminal or command prompt and install PyInstaller using pip:
pip install pyinstaller
- Navigate to the directory containing your Python script: Open a terminal or command prompt and navigate to the directory where your Python script is located. For example:
- Compile the Python script using PyInstaller: Run the following command to compile your Python script into an EXE file:
pyinstaller --onefile your_script.py
Replace “your_script.py” with the actual filename of your Python script. The
--onefile option tells PyInstaller to bundle the script into a single executable file.
- Locate the compiled EXE file: After the compilation process is complete, PyInstaller creates a “dist” directory in your script’s directory. Inside the “dist” directory, you will find the compiled EXE file.
- Test the compiled EXE file: You can now run the compiled EXE file to test if it works correctly. Keep in mind that the compiled EXE file is a standalone executable and does not require a Python installation or any dependencies.
It’s important to note that compiling Python code to an EXE file does not obfuscate or encrypt the code. The resulting EXE file can be decompiled to obtain the source code. If you need to protect your Python code from being easily readable, consider using additional tools like obfuscators or encryption libraries.
Additionally, PyInstaller has various options and configurations to handle complex scenarios, such as including data files or working with specific libraries. Refer to the PyInstaller documentation (https://pyinstaller.readthedocs.io/) for more advanced usage and customization options.