How to Retrieve Arguments in Python?

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To retrieve arguments in Python, you can make use of the sys module or the argparse module, depending on the complexity of your program and the desired functionality.

  1. Using sys.argv: The sys module provides access to various system-specific parameters and functions. The sys.argv variable is a list in which the command-line arguments passed to the script are stored. The first element (sys.argv[0]) is the script name itself, and the subsequent elements (sys.argv[1:]) are the arguments.

Here’s an example:

import sys

# Retrieve command-line arguments
arguments = sys.argv[1:]

# Process the arguments
for arg in arguments:

In this example, we access the command-line arguments using sys.argv[1:], which retrieves all arguments except the script name. We can then process the arguments as needed. Note that the arguments are initially treated as strings and may need to be converted to the appropriate data types based on your requirements.

  1. Using argparse: The argparse module provides a more powerful and flexible way to parse command-line arguments. It allows you to define the expected arguments, specify their types, provide help messages, and more. Here’s a simple example:
import argparse

# Create the parser
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()

# Add arguments
parser.add_argument("arg1", type=int, help="First argument")
parser.add_argument("arg2", type=float, help="Second argument")

# Parse the arguments
args = parser.parse_args()

# Access the arguments

In this example, we create an argparse.ArgumentParser object and add two positional arguments using the add_argument() method. We specify the type of each argument (int and float) and provide help messages. Then, we call parse_args() to parse the arguments passed to the script.

The values of the arguments are accessible as attributes of the args object. In this case, we access the arguments using args.arg1 and args.arg2 and print their values.

You can customize the behavior and functionality of argparse according to your specific needs, such as handling optional arguments, specifying default values, defining flags, and more. Refer to the Python documentation for more information on argparse and its capabilities.

By utilizing either the sys.argv list or the argparse module, you can retrieve and process command-line arguments in Python.

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