How to Set Up the Default Python Structure?

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The default Python structure is not a specific thing, as Python is a flexible language that can be structured in many different ways depending on your needs and preferences. However, there are some common conventions and best practices that you can follow to structure your Python projects and make them easier to maintain and share.

Here’s a basic structure that you can use as a starting point for your Python projects:

myproject/
├── main.py
├── mymodule/
│   ├── __init__.py
│   ├── module1.py
│   └── module2.py
└── README.md

In this structure, the myproject directory is the root directory of your project. It contains a main.py file that serves as the entry point of your program. The mymodule directory is a subdirectory that contains your Python modules. The __init__.py file is an empty file that tells Python that the directory is a Python package, and module1.py and module2.py are example module files that you can add your code to.

The README.md file is a Markdown file that contains information about your project, such as a description, installation instructions, or usage examples.

This structure is just a starting point, and you can modify it to fit your specific needs. For example, you may want to create subdirectories for tests, data, or documentation, or you may want to organize your modules into subpackages.

To create a new Python project with this structure, you can create the directories and files manually, or you can use a tool like Cookiecutter to generate a project template for you. Here’s an example command that uses Cookiecutter to create a Python project with the default structure:

cookiecutter https://github.com/audreyr/cookiecutter-pypackage.git

This command will prompt you for some information about your project and generate a directory structure based on the cookiecutter-pypackage template. You can then customize the structure and add your code to the module files.

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